Maternal, Fetal & Infant Health
Current Situation - Infant Mortality is one of the most important measures of the health of a nation. Ohio's Infant Mortality rate is 7.4 deaths per 1,000 live births compared to the national rate of 6.0 deaths per 1,000 live births. Allen County's rate is 7.5 per 1,000 live births. In Allen County, the black or African-American Infant Mortality rate is about double that of the white population (13.8 compared to 6.0).
Key Data Points
- In Allen County, the African American or black Infant Mortality rate decreased from 24.2 per 1,000 in 2001-2005 to 13.3 per 1,000 in 2006-2010. (Number of Infant Deaths and Infant Mortality Rates, by County, by Race, 5-year average rates, Ohio 1999-2010, Ohio Department of Health)
- Early prenatal care (care that occurred in the first trimester) increased from 77.2% in 2006 to 79.1% in 2010. (Vital Stats Annual County Birth Summary, 2006 and 2010, Center for Public Health Statistics and Informatics, Ohio Department of Health)
- Allen County WIC's "Ever Breastfed" rate increased from 56.4% in 2010 to 66.0% in 2012.
Opportunities for Improvement
Infant Mortality Rates
* This table shows the differences in Infant Mortality Rates among both of the White and African American populations. (Ohio Department of Health)
What is being done in our Community?
The Caring for Two Program began in 2003 and provides services to African American women of childbearing age in the 45801 and 45804 zip codes. The program provides education to the mothers about how to have a healthy pregnancy and raise a healthy child. The Community Health Workers also assist the young women in their program to make and keep prenatal and pediatrician appointments.
The Activate Allen County through the Small Community Transformation Grant (SCTG) is working with local hospitals to become Baby-friendly.
A newly-formed Breastfeeding Coalition was formed in March 2013 to assist worksites in adopting breastfeeding policies and making their businesses breastfeeding-friendly.